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Contraception


Contraception
Contraception: Understanding Your Options for Preventing Unplanned Pregnancy

When it comes to preventing unplanned pregnancy, contraception is an important tool for women and their partners. With a wide range of options available, it can be challenging to determine the best contraceptive method for your individual needs. In this article, we will explore different types of contraception and their effectiveness, as well as factors to consider when selecting the right method for you.

Understanding Contraception:

Contraception, also known as birth control, refers to methods and devices used to prevent pregnancy. These methods work by either preventing ovulation or by preventing fertilization of the egg. The effectiveness of each method can vary, and it's important to choose a method that works for you and your partner.

Types of Contraception:

There are many different types of contraception, including hormonal methods, barrier methods, and intrauterine devices (IUDs). Hormonal methods, such as birth control pills, patches, and injections, work by releasing hormones to prevent ovulation. Barrier methods, such as condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps, prevent sperm from reaching the egg. IUDs, which are inserted into the uterus, work by preventing fertilization and implantation of the egg.

Effectiveness of Contraception:

The effectiveness of contraception can vary widely depending on the method used. Hormonal methods are highly effective when used correctly, with a failure rate of less than 1%. Barrier methods can also be highly effective when used correctly, but their effectiveness can be reduced if they are not used consistently and correctly. IUDs are one of the most effective methods of contraception, with a failure rate of less than 1%.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Contraceptive Method:

When choosing a contraceptive method, it's important to consider your individual needs and preferences. Factors to consider include your age, overall health, sexual activity, and desire for future fertility. You may also want to consider factors such as convenience, cost, and potential side effects.

Talking to Us About Contraception:

At My New Life Health Centre our trained professionals can be a valuable resource in helping you select the right contraceptive method for your needs. During a visit, you can discuss your individual needs and preferences, as well as any medical concerns or conditions that may impact your choice of contraceptive method.

Emergency Contraception:

In addition to regular contraception, emergency contraception can also be used to prevent unplanned pregnancy. Emergency contraception, also known as the morning-after pill, is a form of hormonal contraception that can be taken up to 72 hours after unprotected sex. It works by preventing ovulation or fertilization of the egg.

Contraception and STI Prevention:

It's important to note that while contraception can help prevent unplanned pregnancy, it does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Barrier methods, such as condoms, can provide some protection against STIs, but the only way to fully prevent the transmission of STIs is to practice abstinence or be in a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. It's important to use both contraception and barrier methods to protect against both pregnancy and STIs. Your healthcare provider can provide guidance on the best methods for your individual needs.

In conclusion, contraception is an important tool for individuals and couples who want to plan their families and control their reproductive health. There are many different options available, and it's important to work our healthcare experts to find the method that is right for you. While contraception can help prevent unplanned pregnancy, it's important to also prioritize STI prevention. This can be achieved through the use of barrier methods, such as condoms, in addition to contraception. Ultimately, the decision to use contraception is a personal one, and you should make sure to educate yourself on the options available and make the choice that is best for you and your partner.

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Dr Gabriela Luna

Principal GP

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